Supreme Court Grants Big Relief to Pensioners

Today, the Supreme Court delivered a significant Judgment for retired employees. The Supreme Court held that a retired employee can file Writ Petition, against the order of stopping pension, in the territorial Jurisdiction of that High Court, where he is residing or receiving pension.

The place of the pension authority is not the sole place, to determine territorial Jurisdiction in such matters.

A 3-judge bench held that part of the cause of action for filing writ arises at the place where the pensioner is residing and drawing the pension.

Brief Facts:

Late B.N. Mishra was an employee of Coal India Ltd. All of sudden after 8 years, Coal India, Stopped the payment of pension. In 2013 Coal India stated that the reason for stoppage is not opting the Family Pension Scheme of 1998. Late Mr Mishra was also directed by the Coal India to refund the pension amount he received, which was about 8 lac Rupees,

 Late Mr Mishra challenged the order before the Patna High Court. The High Court dismissed the writ petition on the ground of territorial Jurisdiction. 

The High Court held that the High Court of Jharkhand shall have the Jurisdiction, as the Pension Authority was situated within the territorial Jurisdiction of that High Court. 

Sadly, during the pendency of the Writ Petition, Mr Mishra died and his wife, Shanti Mishra was substituted in his place.

Observations of the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court disagreed with the view of the Patna High Court. The Court observed that the pensioner was receiving the pension at his residence in Darbhanga Bihar. Therefore in view of Article 226(2) of the Constitution, if a part of the cause of action arises at a place, then writ petition can be maintain before the High Court having Jurisdiction at such place.

Hon’ble Judges observed that since the pensioner was receiving pension at his native place, therefore the stoppage of the pension has given him the cause of action, at that place too.

The Supreme Court held that the dismissal of Writ Petition on the ground of lack of territorial Jurisdiction is absolutely erroneous and caused great hardship to the Petitioner.

Forum Non-Conveniens

The Supreme Court held that for a retired person, it is convenient to file a case from the place, where he was getting the pension.

Further, the Supreme Court referred to the Judgment of Kusum Ingots & Alloys Ltd. Vs. Union of India and Anr., (2004) 6 SCC 254 and Nawal Kishore Sharma Vs. Union of India and Ors., (2014) 9 SCC 329


The Supreme Court has allowed the appeal and remanded the matter back to the High Court. Considering the fact that the substituted Appellant is the widow of the pensioner and there is no other source to maintain, the Court has directed for payment of provisional pension.

Case Details :

Title: Shanti Devi Alias Shanti Mishra v Union of India and others

Case No.: Civil Appeal 3630 of 2020

Coram: Hon’ble Justice Ashok Bhushan, Hon’ble Justice R Subhash Reddy and Hon’ble Justice M R Shah

Date of Judgment: 05.11.2020

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