The Government has informed in the Lok Sabha that the idea of separate Bench of the Supreme Court of India outside the State of Delhi has not found favour with the Supreme Court of India.
Yesterday a question was asked in the Lok Sabha from the Minister of law and justice, that whether the Government has received any proposal from the lawyers Association to open a Supreme Court Bench in Chennai, Tamil Nadu for the convenience of people of southern states and to reduce time and money of litigations.
Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad, The Minister of law and Justice, informed the House that various representations have been received for the establishment of benches of Supreme Court in various parts of the country. The Law Commission in its 229th Report has also recommended that a Bench should be set up at Delhi and for cassation, benches be set up in the northern region at Delhi, the southern region at Chennai//Hyderabad, the Eastern region at Kolkata and the Western region at Mumbai.
However, the Minister informed that the idea of a separate Bench of Supreme Court outside Delhi has not found favour with the Supreme Court of India.
It is necessary to the noted here that Article 130 of the Constitution of India provides that the Supreme Court of India shall sit in the State of Delhi or in such other place or places, as the Chief Justice of India may, with the approval of the President, from time to time, appoint.
Therefore concurrence of the Supreme Court is a sine qua non for establishment of benches of the Supreme Court.
Another question was also asked concerning the strength of female judges in the judiciary and any proposal of the Government for implementation of the reservation to increase the representation of women in the judiciary.
The Minister of law and justice informed the House that at present, there are 2 women judges of the Supreme Court and 78 women judges in various High Court. The Central Government does not maintain the strength of female judges in Tribunal and subordinate judiciary .
It has further been informed that the appointment of Judges in High Court is governed by Article 217 & 224 of the Constitution of India, and these provisions do not provide for reservation to any class of person or caste including women.
The Minister added that the Government has been requesting the chief justices of the High Courts that while sending proposal for appointment of judges, due consideration should be given to suitable candidates belonging to SC, ST, OBC, minorities and women.