Allahabad HC Dismisses Criminal Appeal Filed in 1982: Upholds Acquittal For Murder

The Allahabad HC upheld the order of acquittal of the accused in a 1982 murder case. The appeal against the acquittal was filed by the state in the year 1984.


The brief facts of the case are that an F.I.R. was lodged by one Haji Fazal-ur-Rahman at police station Zaidpur, District Barabanki stating that his brother Misbah-ur-Rahman was Chairman of town area Zaidpur. He was having enmity with one Dr. Habiullah and Sajid Ali with respect to the election of town2 area and also with one Naimullah with regard to an auction of a house.

It was alleged by the complainant in the FIR that the accused had killed his brother out of the same enmity. There were a total of 5 accused named in the charge sheet filed by the police. Out of five accused persons, three accused died during the pendency of the appeal and the appeal on their behalf was ordered to be abated by the Co-ordinate Bench of the HC vide order dated 19.10.2020. Hence this Court proceeded to hear the appeal with respect to the remaining two accused. During the trial, the prosecution had examined three prosecution witnesses, the complainant being one of them. All the prosecution witnesses had deposed in the court in the favor of the prosecution. They reiterated the incident on how the accused planned and killed the deceased by firing gunshots at him.

Contention of the parties:

The prosecution had mainly relied on the evidence in the form of the dying declaration given by the deceased in the civil hospital. According to the prosecution story, the deceased in his dying declaration had clearly stated the incident. The advocate on behalf prosecution contended that the guilty act of the accused was coming out from the dying declaration and the trial court had erred by acquitting the accused.

The advocate on behalf of the respondent opposed the petitioner’s contention. The learned advocate brought before the court multiple material omissions and doubts regarding the said dying declaration. He also contended that there were many doubts in the depositions of the prosecution witnesses. The prosecution witnesses are interested witnesses and thus court cannot rely on their depositions.

Court’s observation:

Regarding the dying declaration, the HC observed that the conclusion drawn by the trial court in disbelieving the dying declaration was in accordance with the law prescribed. To support its observation the HC referred to the case of Munni Devi & Ors. vs. State of U.P.; 2020 (5) ALJ 653. Paras-33, 36, and 39 in which the SC has expounded definition of the dying declaration and its condition which are required at the time of accepting it as an evidence.

Similarly, so far as the direct evidence led by the prosecution in the nature of P.W. 1 and 2, who are the two eyewitnesses of the incident, the trial Court has found the presence of the said two eyewitnesses at the place of occurrence also doubtful. The reasons cited by the trial regarding the same are also justified.

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The HC did not find any infirmity or perversity in the impugned judgment and order of acquittal passed by the trial court. It was thus ruled that the appraisal of evidence discussed by the lower court and the judgment of acquittal was rightly passed. The appeal was thus dismissed.  

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Story by Harshwardhan Pawar- Intern

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